Tameside Strategic Partnership

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Child Poverty Needs Assessment

Key Messages from the Child Poverty needs Assessment

  • Key Message 1: More than 1 in 4 children in Tameside live in Poverty
  • Key Message 2: Around half of all children in Tameside live in households claiming workless benefits or claiming Working and Child Tax Credits.
  • Key Message 3: Most children living in poverty live in a household where someone is working.
  • Key Message 4: Every area (SOA and Ward) in Tameside has children living in poverty.
  • Key Message 5: There are a number of local pockets where child poverty is extremely high (up to 60%).
  • Key Message 6: There area a high number of local pockets where in-work poverty is high (up to 51%). These areas are not always the same as those with the highest out of work poverty.
  • Key Message 7: The ward with the highest levels of Child Poverty is St Peters (nearly 40%) but figures for ward boundaries may hide the full picture of poverty in local areas.
  • Key Message 8: Whilst there is a correlation between Child Poverty and the IMD, there are a number of areas of variation.
  • Key Message 9: Whilst there are a number of ‘hotspots’ of child poverty in Tameside, it is difficult to tackle poverty in isolation solely in a single area in Tameside rather than at population level.
  • Key Message 10: Poverty in Tameside has been consistently increasing over the past few years.
  • Key Message 11: The increase in poverty observed in Tameside has come at the same time as increases in worklessness and rising food and living costs.
  • Key Message 12: The causes of poverty in the areas which have historically had high levels of poverty are not wholly the same as the causes of increasing levels of poverty.
  • Key Message 13: Poverty is becoming more widespread.
  • Key Message 14: The link between poverty and low attainment is clear even from age 5.
  • Key Message 15: The link between poverty and low attainment becomes stronger at the end of Secondary School.
  • Key Message 16: At age 5 the attainment gap for children in Tameside is wider than for England.
  • Key Message 17: The attainment gap at KS4 in Tameside is smaller than the North West and England averages but is now widening.
  • Key Message 18: Although the gap widens at high schools this is less marked in Tameside than for England as a whole.
  • Key Message 19: There is no link between the FSM gap and overall performance of a school.
  • Key Message 20: Underperformance of children living in poverty is not inevitable
  • Key Message 21: A person’s health is affected by not only their lifestyle choices, but also by wider influences such as community networks, housing, education and employment.
  • Key Message 22: Health inequalities are preventable differences in the determinants of health, which result in poor health. They often cluster in vulnerable communities, such as those in poverty.
  • Key Message 23: Poor foetal and infant health is linked to certain chronic diseases in later life.
  • Key Message 24: Low infant mortality, low numbers of babies born with low birth weight and high uptake of breastfeeding indicate healthy infants, and are more prevalent in more less deprived areas.
  • Key Message 25: Infant mortality and low birth weight in Tameside is lower than the deprivation profile would suggest, giving babies a better start in life than otherwise would be expected.
  • Key Message 26: Breastfeeding initiation is relatively low in Tameside compared to England, which can negatively impact on the health of babies and mothers.
  • Key Message 27: Babies in areas of deprivation within Tameside are at risk of having a less healthy start in life as those in more affluent areas because of poor maternal lifestyle factors such as diet, smoking and breastfeeding.
  • Key Message 28: Many childhood lifestyle factors, such as obesity, poor dental health, teenage conceptions and substance misuse, are strongly linked to socio-economic deprivation.
  • Key Message 29: This link can also be seen in Tameside, meaning that children from areas of deprivation are more likely to have unhealthy lifestyles.
  • Key Message 30: Preventative individual interventions are needed, but must also be complemented with multiagency family and community wide interventions which focus on the behaviour norms and environment in which children and their families live.
  • Key Message 31: There are strong health inequalities within Tameside, meaning that children in areas of deprivation less likely to have healthy lifestyles than those in more affluent areas, thereby putting them at greater risk of chronic disease in later life.
  • Key Message 32: Evidence shows that people from lower socio-economic groups are at higher risk of avoidable emergency admissions, as are babies and very young children.
  • Key Message 33: This link can be seen in Tameside, with children and young people living in areas of deprivation being more likely to have emergency admissions, particularly for alcohol and injury.
  • Key Message 34: Health improvement interventions, self management, effective access to primary care, and living in a safe environment can all help to reduce emergency admissions in general.
  • Key Message 35: Children living in areas of socio-economic deprivation are more likely to experience emergency hospital admissions, which can often be prevented with the help of families and wider community.
  • Key Message 36: Vulnerable children, children living in poverty and children that experience family stresses are more likely to suffer from mental ill health.
  • Key Message 37: Early and co-ordinated interventions for children and young people will help support those with mental ill health.
  • Key Message 38: Support for families and parents is also effective.
  • Key Message 39: Due to the deprivation profile of Tameside, local children and young people in Tameside are at risk of mental and emotional ill-health. However, a relatively high proportion of young people are able to talk to their parents when worried.
  • Key Message 40: Getting people into work is important for alleviating poverty but Job security, low pay and lack of progression need to be addressed along with personal and structural barriers such as health and childcare.
  • Key Message 41: 22, 880 people Tameside are claiming out of work benefits (16.4%), 5,530 of these are claiming Job Seekers Allowance.
  • Key Message 42: The majority of people claiming out of work benefits are claiming Incapacity Benefit or Employment Support allowance - 13,660 individuals.
  • Key Message 43: The majority of people who are out of work due to ill health or a disability have been claiming for over 5 years.
  • Key Message 44: 10% of people claiming out of work benefits are lone parents but 67% of households claiming housing/ council tax benefit are lone parent households.
  • Key Message 45: The proportion of working age adults receiving job-related employment is around 15% for those in unskilled and elementary occupations but is around 40% for those in professional occupations.
  • Key Message 46: Affordable childcare and good quality part time work is essential for parents to be able to balance a prosperous work life with a prosperous family life.
  • Key Message 47: In Tameside, the median pay for full-time workers in 2010 was £10.74 compared to £7.49 for part-time workers.
  • Key Message 48: Affordable childcare is essential for a number of parents to be able to participate in sustainable work.
  • Key Message 49: Early and regular participation in childcare is considered an effective means of tackling child poverty. Childcare needs to be good quality and affordable.
  • Key Message 50: The cost of a full time weekly place has increased considerably so families can now expect to pay over £130.00 per week for full daycare for a child under the age of 5.
  • Key Message 51: The weekly rate for a childminder is in Tameside £127.66 (£4851 per year).
  • Key Message 52: Families are facing increasing strains upon their household budgets through a combination of stagnating pay, rising cost and losses to income through changes in tax and spending changes.
  • Key Message 53: 83% of children live in families reliant on tax credits for part of their income.
  • Key Message 54: The wages of the top 20% or earners remained relatively static over the past 2 years, reducing by only £216 ( a 1% decrease). In contrast the wages of the bottom 20% of earners dropped by £1,125 (a 7% decrease).
  • Key Message 55: 24% of low-wage households spend more than a quarter of their monthly income on debt.
  • Key Message 56: Families living in poverty can pay much more for access to finance and other essential goods and services It is estimated that these families pay £1,001.91 more than those with higher incomes.
  • Key Message 57: People’s financial capability is a strong predictor of their psychological wellbeing.
  • Key Message 58: The council’s Debt Advice Service works predominantly with homeowners who are struggling to make mortgage payments but also with those in rented accommodation at a ratio of around 3:1.
  • Key Message 59: The Council’s Welfare Rights Service deals predominantly with benefit issues arising from illness and disability though increasingly with Tax Credit Issues.
  • Key Message 60: Child poverty is everybody's business.
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